rqes cover December 2023
December 2023



RQES: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport

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  December 2023 (Volume 94, Issue 4)

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Table of Contents

Free Access Article
Fishing Downstream: Does CSPAP Promotion During PETE Transfer to Teaching Practice by K–12 Physical Educators?

Shannon C. Mulhearn, Pamela H. Kulinna, Hans van der Mars, Michalis Stylianou, Jaimie McMullen & Douglas Ellison

Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) training has the potential to influence graduates’ decisions as physical educators. Utilizing themes from Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovations and Lawson’s Occupational Socialization theories, we focused on graduates from a single PETE program which, beginning in 2007, began integrating content, expectations, and experiences relating to an expanded role of the physical educator such as in comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine transfer in terms of university training leading to teaching practices in expanded physical activity programming.

Methods: An electronic questionnaire was sent to 335 graduates from May 2000 through May 2019. Sixty-seven graduates’ questionnaires were investigated looking at perceptions of CSPAP as an innovation, current expanded physical activity (PA) offerings, and memories of PETE. Additionally, 13 participants participated in a school visit and interview which acted as a fidelity check for self-reported levels of expanded PA programming reported in the questionnaire.

Results: All 67 graduates included some amount of expanded PA programming. Positive correlations were found with perception of CSPAP as an innovation, for both year of graduation and memory of PETE programming, thus students exposed to CSPAP programming during PETE were implementing components at their schools at higher levels.

Conclusion: There is positive potential for professional socialization to influence graduates’ practices. Perceptions of CSPAP as an innovation were positive and support the promotion of triability and starting small when PETE programs encourage expanded PA programming.


Youth Sport Participation by Metropolitan Status: 2018–2019 National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH)

Validity of Neural Networks to Determine Body Position on the Bicycle

Long-Term Time-Course of Strength Adaptation to Minimal Dose Resistance Training Through Retrospective Longitudinal Growth Modeling

How Does Ball Possession Affect the Physical Demands in Spanish LaLiga? A Multilevel Approach

Intra- and Inter-Seasonal Fitness and Training Load Variations of Elite U20 Soccer Players

Effects of Coordinative Exercise on Sustained Attention and Perceptual Discrimination in Elementary School Physical Education

Emergent Coordination of Heading in Soccer: Of Two Players and a Single Ball

What Factors Discriminate Young Soccer Players Perceived as Promising and Less Promising by Their Coaches?

Can Player Tracking Devices Monitor Changes in Internal Response During Multidirectional Running?

Muscular Adaptations and Psychophysiological Responses in Resistance Training Systems

The Effects of Training Load During Dietary Intervention Upon Fat Loss: A Randomized Crossover Trial

Reliability and Validity of the 30–15 Intermittent Field Test With and Without a Soccer Ball

Impact of Seated Movement Incorporation on Middle School Classroom Physical Activity Levels and Academic Engagement

Muscle Oxidative Capacity in Vivo Is Associated With Physiological Parameters in Trained Rowers

Movement Velocity as an Indicator of Mechanical Fatigue and Resistance Exercise Intensity in Cross Modalities

Ammonia Inhalants Enhance Psychophysiological Responses and Performance During Repeated High Intensity Exercise

Program Evaluation and Preliminary Efficacy of Fitness and Skill-Based High-Intensity Interval Training in Physical Education

Does Cognitive Attitude Matter When Affective Attitude Is Negative in Physical Activity Behavior Change?

The Influence of Footwear Longitudinal Bending Stiffness on Running Economy and Biomechanics in Older Runners

The Hypoalgesic Effect of Low-Load Exercise to Failure Is Not Augmented by Blood Flow Restriction

Assessing Acute Responses to Exercises Performed Within and at the Upper Boundary of Severe Exercise Domain

Physical Activity as a Means to Improve Subjective Vitality of University Students

Acute Intraocular Pressure Responses to Resistance Training in Combination With Blood Flow Restriction

Shorter Versus Longer Durations of Rowing-Based Interval Exercise Attenuate the Physiological and Perceptual Response

Ice Massage on the Calf Improves 4-km Running Time Trial Performance in a Normothermic Environment

Whole-Body Electromyostimulation Impacts Physiological Responses During Aerobic Running: A Randomized Trial

Effects of Pre-Exercise Voluntary Hyperventilation on Metabolic and Cardiovascular Responses During and After Intense Exercise

Expectations Come True: The Placebo Effect of Exercise on Affective Responses

Small Performance Effects of a Practical Mixed-Methods Cooling Strategy in Elite Team Sport Athletes

Development of ELIP to Assess Physical Literacy for Emerging Adults: A Methodological and Epistemological Challenge

Research Note

Using Physiological Laboratory Tests and Neuromuscular Functions to Predict Extreme Ultratriathlon Performance